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An Explanation of the Attributes of Allah

 
  

It is not possible to perfectly translate the names and attributes of Allah from their original Arabic into English. However, here are some fairly close explanations.
 

Allah
He who has the power to create the entities. 
 

Ar-Rahman 
The One who has plenty of mercy for the believers and the blasphemers in this world and especially for the believers in the hereafter.
The Most Merciful 
 

Ar-Rahim 
The One who has plenty of mercy for the believers.
The most Compassionate 
 

Al-Malik 
The One with the complete Dominion, the One Whose Dominion is clear from imperfection.
The King, the Monarch 
 

Al-Qudtus 
The One who is pure from any imperfection and clear from children and adversaries.
The Holy one 
 

As-Salam 
The One who is free from every imperfection.
The Peace, The Tranquility 
 

Al-Mu'min 
The One who witnessed for Himself that no one is God but Him. And He witnessed for His believers that they are truthful in their belief that no one is God but Him.
The One with Faith
The Faithful, The Trusted 
 

Al-Muhaymin 
The One who witnesses the saying and deeds of His creatures.
The Protector
The vigilant, the controller 
 

Al-'Aziz 
The Defeater who is not defeated.
The Mighty
The Almighty, the powerful 
 

Al-Jabbar 
The One that nothing happens in His Dominion except that which He willed.
The oppressor, the all Compelling 
 

Al-Mutakabbir 
The One who is clear from the attributes of the creatures and from resembling them.
The Haughty, the Majestic
The Imperious 
 

Al-Khaliq 
The One who brings everything from non-existence to existence.
The Creator, the Maker 

Al-Bari' 
The Creator who has the Power to turn the entities.
The Artificer, the Creator 
 

Al-Musawwir 
The One who forms His creatures in different pictures.
The Fashioner 
The Organiser the Designer 
 

Al-Ghaffar 
The One who forgives the sins of His slaves time and time again.
The Forgiving, the Forgiver 
 

Al-Qahhar 
The Subduer who has the perfect Power and is not unable over anything.
The Almighty, the Dominant 

Al-Wahhab 
The One who is Generous in giving plenty without any return. e is everything that benefits whether Halal or Haram.
The Donor, the Bestower 
 

Ar-Razzaq 
The Provider, the Sustainer 
 

Al-Fattah 
The One who opens for His slaves the closed worldy and religious matters.
The Opener, the Revealer 
 

Al-'Alim 
The Knowledgeable; The One nothing is absent from His knowledge.
The all Knowing, the Omniscient 
 

Al-Qabid 
The One who constricts the sustenance.
The Contractor, The Restrainer, the Recipient. 
 

Al-Basit 
The One who expands and widens.
The Expander, He who expands 
 

Al-Khafid 
The One who lowers whoever He willed by His Destruction.
The Abaser, the Humbler 
 

Ar-Rafi' 
The One who raises whoever He willed by His Endowment.
The Raiser, the Exhalter 
 

Al-Mu'iz 
He gives esteem to whoever He willed, hence there is no one to degrade Him; 
The Honorer, the Exhalter 
 

Al-Muzil
Degrades whoever he willed, hence there is no one to give him esteem.
The Abaser, the Degrader, the Subduer 
 

As-Sami' 
The One who Hears all things that are heard by His Eternal Hearing without an ear, instrument or organ.
The Hearer, The All hearing, all knowing. 
  

Al-Basir 
The One who Sees all things that are seen by His Eternal Seeing without a pupil or any other instrument.
The Seer, The discerning, the All seeing. 
  

Al-Hakam
He is the Ruler and His judgment is His Word.
The arbitrator, the Judge 
 

Al-'Adl 
The One who is entitled to do what He does.
The justice, the equitable. The Just. 
 

Al-Latif 
The Most Gentle, the Gracious.
The One who is kind 
 

Al-Khabir 
The One who knows the truth of things.
The Aware. The Segacious, one is who is aware. 
 

Al-Halim 
The One who delays the punishment for those who deserve it and then He might forgive them.
The Gentle. The most patient, the Clement. 
 

Al-'Azim 
The One deserving the attributes of Exaltment, Glory, Extolement,and Purity from all imperfection.
The Great, Mighty 
 

Al-Ghafoor 
The One who forgives a lot.
The Forgiving, the Pardoner. 
 

Ash-Shakur 
The One who gives a lot of reward for a little obedience.
The Grateful, the Thankful 
 

Al-'Ali 
The One who is clear from the attributes of the creatures.
The most high, the exhalted. 
 

Al-Kabir 
The One who is greater than everything in status.
The great, the big. 
 

Al-Hafiz 
The One who protects whatever and whoever He willed to protect.
The Guardian, the preserver. 
 

Al-Muqit 
The One who has the Power.
The maintainer, The Nourisher 

Al-Hasib 
The One who gives the satisfaction.
The noble, The Reckoner 

Aj-Jalil 
The One who is attributed with greatness of Power and Glory of status.
The Majestic. The honorable, the exhalted. 
 

Al-Karim 
The One who is clear from abjectness.
The most generous, the Bountiful. 
 

Ar-Raqib 
The One that nothing is absent from Him. Hence it's meaning is related to the attribute of Knowledge.
The Guardian, the watchful. Watcher. 
 

Al-Mujib 
The One who answers the one in need if he asks Him and rescues the yearner if he calls upon Him.
The Responder. The respindent, one who answers. 
 

Al-Wasi' 
The Englober. The enricher, the Omnipresent, the Knowledgeable. 
 

Al-Hakim 
The One who is correct in His doings.
The most Wise, the Judicious. 
 

Al-Wadud 
The Affectionate, the Loving. 
 

Al-Majid 
The One who is with perfect Power, High Status, Compassion, Generosity and Kindness.
The Glorious, the exhalted. 
 

Al-Ba'ith 
The One who resurrects for reward and/or punishment.
The Resurrector, the Raiser from death. 
 

Ash-Shahid 
The One who nothing is absent from Him.
The Witness 
 

Al-Haqq 
The One who truly exists.
The Truth, the Just. 
 

Al-Wakil 
The One who gives the satisfaction and is relied upon.
The Guardian, the Trustee 
 

Al-Qawee 
The One with the complete Power.
The powerful, the Almighty, The Strong 
 

Al-Matin 
The One with extreme Power which is un-interrupted and He does not get tired.
The Strong, the Firm 
 

Al-Walee  
The Supporter, the Friend, the Defender the master. 
 

Al-Hamid 
The praised One who deserves to be praised.
The Praiseworthy , the Commendable 
 

Al-Muhsi 
The One who the count of things are known to him.
The Counter 
 

Al-Mubdi' 
The One who started the human being. That is, He created him.
The Beginner, the Creator, The Originator 
 

Al-Mu'eed 
The One who brings back the creatures after death.
The Restorer, the Resurrector. 
 

Al-Muhyee 
The One who took out a living human from semen that does not have a soul. He gives life by giving the souls back to the worn out bodies on the resurrection day and He makes the hearts alive by the light of knowledge.
The Bestower, the Life Giver. 
 

Al-Mumeet 
The One who renders the living dead.
The Bringer of Death. The Death Giver. 
 

Al-Hayy 
The One attributed with a life that is unlike our life and is not that of a combination of soul, flesh or blood.
The Living. The Alive, the ever living. 
 

Al-Qayyum 
The One who remains and does not end.
The Self-Subsistent, The Eternal, the Self Sustaining. 
 

Al-Wajid 
The Rich who is never poor. Al-Wajd is Richness.
The all percieving, the Opulent, the Finder. 
 

Al-Wahid 
The One without a partner.
The One, the Unique. 
 

Al-Majid 
The One who is Majid.
The Noble, the illustrous. 
 

Al-Ahad 
The only, the Unique. 
 

As-Samad 
The Master who is relied upon in matters and reverted to in ones needs.
The Perfect, the Eternal. 
 

Al-Qadir 
The One attributed with Power.
The Able, the Capable, the Omnipotent. 
 

Al-Muqtadir 
The One with the perfect Power that nothing is withheld from Him.
The Capable, The all Powerful 
 

Al-Muqadtim 
He makes ahead what He wills.
The Presenter, The Advancer, The Expediter 
 

Al-Mu'akhkhir 
The One who delays what He wills.
The Fulfiller, the keeper behind, The Deferrer 
 

Al-'Awwal 
The One whose Existence is without a beginning.
The First 
 

Al-'Akhir 
The One whose Existence is without an end.
The Last 
 

Az-Zahir
The Apparent, the Exterior, The Manifest
The One that nothing is above Him and nothing is underneath Him, hence He exists without a place. 
 

Al-Batin 
The Hidten, the Interior, the Latent 
 

Al-Wali 
The One who owns things and manages them.
The Governor, The Ruler, The Master 
 

Al-Muta'ali 
The One who is clear from the attributes of the creation.
The Exalted, The most high, one above reproach. 
 

Al-Barr 
The One who is kind to His creatures, who covered them with His sustenance and specified whoever He willed among them by His support, protection, and special mercy.
The Benefactor, The Beneficient, the Pious. 
 

At-Tawwab 
The One who grants repentance to whoever He willed among His creatures and accepts his repentance.
The Acceptor of Repentance, The Forgiver, the Relenting. 
 

Al-Muntaqim 
The One who victoriously prevails over His enemies and punishes them for their sins. It may mean the One who destroys them.
The Avenger 
 

Al-'Afuww 
The One with wide forgiveness.
The Forgiver, the effacer, the Pardoner 
 

Ar-Ra'uf 
The One with extreme Mercy. The Mercy of Allah is His will to endow upon whoever He willed among His creatures.
The merciful, the Ever Indulgent. 
 

Al-Muqsit 
The One who is Just in His judgment.
The Just the Equitable 
 

Aj-Jami' 
The One who gathers the creatures on a day that there is no doubt about, that is the Day of Judgment.
The Collector, the comprehensive, Gatherer 
 

Al-Ghanee 
The One who does not need the creation.
The rich, the all sufficing, Self-Sufficient 
 

Al-Mughnee 
The One who satisfies the necessities of the creatures.
The Enricher, sufficer, the bestower. 
 

Al-Mani' 
The Supporter who protects and gives victory to His pious believers. Al-Mu'tiy 
The Withholder
The Preventer, the prohibiter, the defender. 
 

Ad-Darr 
The One who makes harm reach to whoever He willed.
The Distresser , The afflictor, the bringer of Adversity. 
 

An-Nafi' 
The One who gives benefits to whoever He wills.
The Beneficialm Benefactor 
 

An-Nur 
The One who guides.
The Light 
 

Al-Hadi 
The One whom with His Guidance His belivers were guided, and with His Guidance the living beings have been guided to what is beneficial or them and protected from what is harmful to them.
The Guide 
 

Al-Badi' 
The One who created the creation and formed it without any preceding example.
The Wonderful, the maker, Incomparable 
 

Al-Baqi 
The One that the state of non-existence is impossible for Him.
The Enduring, the Everlasting, the eternal 
 

Al-Warith 
The One whose Existence remains.
The Inheritor, The Heir 
 

Ar-Rashid 
The One who guides.
The Rightly Guided, The Concious, the Guide 
 

As-Sabur 
The One who does not quickly punish the sinners.
The most Patient, the Enduring. 
 

Malik Al-Mulk 
The One who controls the Dominion and gives dominion to whoever He willed.
The Ruler of the Kingdom, king of the Universe 
 

Zul-l-Jalal wal-Ikram 
The One who deserves to be Exalted and not denied.
Lord of Majesty and Generosity 


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