Dhaka is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh. Today's Dhaka has a long story of evolution. It was founded during the 10th century. It served as the
capital of Bengal from 1608 to 1704.Before coming under British rule in
1765 it was a trading center for British,
French, and Dutch colonialism . In
1905 it was again named the capital of Bengal, and in 1956 it became the
capital of East Pakistan. During the
Bangladesh war of independence in1971 the city suffered a heavy damage. In
1982 the spelling was changed from ' Dacca' to 'Dhaka'.
Dhaka is located in the geographic center of the country. It is in
the great deltaic region of the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers. The city is within the monsoon climate zone, with an
annual average temperature of 25 deg C (77 deg F) and monthly means
varying between 18 deg C (64 deg F) in January and 29 deg C (84 deg
F) in August. Nearly 80% of the annual average rainfall of 1,854 mm
(73 in) occurs between May and September.
Dhaka is located in one of the world's leading rice- and jute-growing
regions. Its industries include textiles (jute, muslin, cotton) and food
processing, especially rice milling. A variety of other consumer goods are
also manufactured here. The Muslim influence is reflected in the more than
700 mosques and historic buildings found throughout the city. The University of Dhaka (1921) and
several technical schools and museums are located here.
: Dhaka has several hundred mosques. Prominent are Baitull Mukarram-National
Mosque, the seven Domed Mosque (17th century), Star Mosque (18th century)
, Chawkbazar Mosque and Huseni Dalan Mosque.
Fort : It was built in 1678 A.D. by Prince Mohammad Azam, son of Mughal
emperor Aurangazeb. The fort was the scene of bloody battle during the first war
of independence (1857) when 260 sepoys stationed here backed by the people
revolted against British forces. Outstanding among the monuments of the Lalbagh
are the tomb of Pari Bibi , Lalbagh Mosque, Audience Hall and Hammam of Nawab
Shaista Khan now housing a museum.
Shah Park: It was built to commemorate the martyrs of the first
liberation war (1857-59) against British rule. It is said that the revolting
sepoys and their civil compatriots were publicly hanged here.
Memorial Museum : The residence of the father of the nation Bangabandhu
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman at Dhanmondi has been turned into a musuam. It contains
rare collection of personal effects and photographs of his lifetime.
Juddha Museum : Situated at Segun Bagicha area of the city the museum
contains rare photographs of Liberation war and items used by the freedom
fighters during the period.
Manzil Museum : On the bank of the river Buriganga in Dhaka the pink
majestic Ahsan Manzil has been renovated and turned into a museum recently. It
is an example of the nations rich cultural heritage. It was the home of the
Nawab of Dhaka and a silent spectator to many events. The renovated Ahsan
Manzil is a monument of immense historical beauty. It has 31 rooms with a huge
dome atop which can be seen from miles around. It now has 23 galleries
displaying portraits, furniture and household articles and utensils used by the
Hall : Beautiful architectural building named after Lord Curzon. It now
houses the Science Faculty of Dhaka University.
Court Building : Originally built as the residence of the British
Governor, it illustrates a happy blend of European and Mughal architecture.
Zoo : Popularly known as Mirpur Zoo. Colorful and attractive collections
of different local and foreign species of animals and birds including the
majestic Royal Bengal Tiger are available here.
Museum : Located at the central point of the city, the museum contains a
large number of interesting collections including sculptures and paintings of
the Hindu, Buddhist and Muslim periods.
Garden : Built on an area of 205 acres of land at Mirpur and adjacent to
Dhaka Zoo. One can have a look at the zoo and the botanical garden in one trip.
Park : Situated at Rejendrapur, 40 km. north of Dhaka city , this is a
vast (1,600 acres) national recreational forest with facilities for picnic and
Minar : Symbol of Bengali nationalism. This monument was built to
commemorate the martyrs of the historic Language movement of 1952. Hundreds and
thousands of people with floral wreaths and bouquet gather on 21 February every
year to pay respect in a solemn atmosphere. Celebrations begin at zero hour of
Poet's Graveyard : Revolutionary poet Kazi Nazrul Islam died on the 29
August 1976 and was buried here. The graveyard is adjacent to the Dhaka
Uddyan (Garden) : A Popular Park. The oath of independence of Bangladesh
was taken here and Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheik Mujibur Rahman gave
clarion call for independence on this occasion on the 7th March 1971. The place
is famous for its lush verdure and gentle breezes. Eternal Flame to enliven the
memory of the martyrs of our Liberation war has been blown here recently.
of National Leaders : Located at the southwestern corner of Suhrawardy
Uddyan, it is the eternal resting place of great national leaders, Sher-e-Bangla
A.K. Fazlul Haque, Hossain Shahid Suhrawardy and Khaja Nazimuddin.
Bhaban : The official residence of the President, located in the city .
One can have an outside view of this grand palace.
Garden : Unique creation of the late Narendra Narayan Roy, the landlord
of Baldha. Year of establishment was 1904. Located in Wari area of Dhaka city,
the garden with its rich collection of indigenous and exotic plants is one of
the most exciting attraction for naturalists and tourists.
Green: A vast stretch of green garden surrounded by a serpentine lake
near the Sheraton Hotel.
House : Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban
(Parliament House) located at Sher-e-Bangla Nagar has distinctive
architectural features. Designed by the famous architect Louis I. Kahn, it may
be called an architectural wonder of this region.
Museum : The museum is a modern learning center related to the latest
It is situated at Agargaon.
Memorial : It locates at Savar, 35, km. from Dhaka city. The memorial
designed by architect Moinul Hossain is dedicated to the sacred memory of the
millions of unknown martyrs of the war of liberation.