Change Your Life!
THIS DAY, THAT YEAR
July 4, 2000
UNDATED (AP) - Today is Tuesday, July 4, the 186th day of 2000. There are 180 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1187 - The Arab forces of Sultan Saladin destroy a thirsty and exhausted Crusader armey at Hattin in northern Palestine, leading to the Muslim conquest of Jerusalem.
1776 - American Declaration of Independence is approved by the Continental Congress in Philadelphia. The date is now Independence Day in the United States.
1779 - French force takes Grenada in West Indies from the British, who retake it four years later.
1824 - Turkey captures island of Ispara in war with Greeks. 1946 - Republic of the Philippines is founded after 47 years of U.S. rule.
1957 - V. Molotov, D.J. Shepilov and G.M. Malenkov are expelled from the leadership of the Soviet Communist Party after trying to remove Nikita Khrushchev.
1972 - North and South Korea renounce use of force and agree on principles to unify Korea peacefully without outside interference.
1974 - Ethiopia's Emperor Haile Selassie agrees to military supervision of his government and speedup of democratic reforms.
1976 - Israeli commandos raid hijacked airliner in Entebbe, Uganda, and rescue 103 hostages. Four Israelis, seven hijackers and about 20 Ugandan soldiers are killed.
1987 - Klaus Barbie, a local Gestapo chief in World War II, is convicted of crimes against humanity in Lyon, France, and sentenced to life imprisonment.
1990 - Kremlin lifts 10-week ban on rail transport of food into Lithuania that was an effort to quell republic's independence movement.
1991 - Former Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze renounces his membership in the Communist Party.
1992 - Boris Yeltsin asks for delay in repaying Russia's foreign debt of dlrs 68 billion.
1993 - Abkhazian rebels seeking independence from Georgia advance within nine miles (15 kilometers) of Sukhumi, and both sides report heavy casualties.
1994 - Tutsi rebels seize most of Kigali and another key city in Rwanda, ending the worst of agenocide in those areas.
1995 - British Prime Minister John Major defeats a right-wing challenger to remain leader of a deeply unpopular government.
1996 - President Boris Yeltsin sweeps to a stunning victory and a second term as Russians decisively reject his Communist opponent.
1997 - The U.S. spacecraft Pathfinder, carrying an explorer vehicle, lands on Mars. It is the first landing on Mars since 1976.
1998 - Police and British soldiers transform the town of Portadown in Northern Ireland into a military camp, wrapping its Catholic enclave in an armored cocoon to thwart Protestant marchers.
1999 - Pope John Paul II blesses a new church that Romans citizens had promised to build 55 years ago. The vow was made on June 4, 1944, when Allied troops were poised to enter Rome. Citizens
prayed for deliverance, and an hour later German troops withdrew from the city.
Nathaniel Hawthorne, U.S. author (1804-1882); Giuseppe Garibaldi, Italian soldier-statesman (1807-1882); Louis Armstrong, U.S. jazz musician (1900-1971); Neil Simon, U.S. playwright (1927--); Gina Lollobrigida, Italian actress (1927--).
Thought For Today:
If a man does not keep pace with his companions, perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer. Let him step to the music which he hears, however measured or far away - Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862).