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Bulletins Bulletin : Published and Discussed
Date: Wednesday, May 23, 2001
From: bd_KonkaBoti
man and woman: mythes and facts

According to Ruth Hartley, Socialization takes place through four process, manipulation, canalization, and verbal appellation and activity exposure. Let's see what all those things do to a newborn!!!:)

MANIPULATION or molding is meant the WAY WE HANDLE A CHILD. It has been noticed that boys are treated as strong, autonomous beings right from the beginning. On the other hand, mothers fuss with the baby girl's hair, dress in a feminine fashion and tells her how beautiful and pretty she is. These physical experiences of early childhood are very important in shaping the self-perception of girls and boys.

The second process CANALISATION, which involves directing the attention of male and female children to objects or aspects of objects. Examples of this are giving girls dolls or pots and pans to play with and encouraging boys to play with guns, cars, and aircraft's. Through this kind of differential treatment the interests of girls and boys are channelised differently and they develop different capabilities, attitudes, aspirations and dreams. Familiarity with certain objects directs their choice.
VERBAL APPELLATIONS are also different for boys and girls. For example, we often say, " oh, how pretty you look!" to girls, and to boys " You looking smart and strong!" Research studies show that such remarks construct the self-identity of girls and boys ( see, how strong megh thinks himself...ha ha ha!!). Children learn to think of themselves as a male or females and so to identify with other males and females. Family members constantly transmit aspects of gender role directly in the way they talk even to very young children (boys never cry...chi!!) and they also convey the importance given to each child.

ACTIVITY EXPOSER is the last process to transform a female to a woman and a male to a man. Both male and female children are exposed to traditional masculine and feminine activities from their very childhood. Girls are asked to help their mothers with household chores, boys accompany fathers outside. In communities where the sex is segregated, girls and boys live in two distinct spaces and are exposed to very different activities. It is through these processes that children imbibe the meaning of masculine and feminine, and internalize them almost unconsciously.
The amazing thing is that many of us are not always aware of this process. Children also learn these roles without being aware of the fact that they are molded. If there were no difference between girls and boys everywhere behaved more or less sameway, one could argue that gender roles are based on Sex, but that does not happen in reality.

SANCTION or DISAPPROVAL against children and adults when they deviate from their gender roles is another very powerful way of making everyone conform to expected male or female behavior. The most common from is sanction is SOCIAL Ridicule (when men are treated to be a lady killer when they charm many women, women are ridicule as being a bad girl for the same act!)

In addition to the social sanction there are also economic sanction. Often families threaten or refuse to financially support children who deviate from set norms and practices. Emotional blackmailing is another predominant for of sanction (Poor april!!).

if you have finished this write up.....I congratulate you for your patience!!:) Now let me ask you a question. Tell me: What are the activities a women do, which a man can't do ????:)



People Discussion
(Thursday, May 24, 2001)

Konka... the most important thing that a woman can do but a man cannot is... giving birth to a baby.. another man or woman of the future....!!!!

(Sunday, May 19, 2002)

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